Thar Desert Climate, People, Weather, Wildlife, Animals, Facts And Vegetation


The Climate in the Thar desert

The Climate in the Thar desert is like any other desert. Hot in the day and cool at night. The summer days are really hot and the nights are cool but the winter days are warm and the nights are cold. In the summer there is little to no rain. (as seen in the chart) From the heat, there are many dried up rivers. Sometimes it doesn’t rain for years and they have droughts. The Thar Desert gets most of its rain in December and January. This desert has no rain in June, July, and August. The hottest seasons are in desert are June and July. The coolest seasons are January and December.

Thar desert Wildlife

The Thar desert has many wildlife species. Beautiful plants and animals invade this desert.
Come check it out on our Flora and Fauna, to see how true this really is.

Flora & Fauna

The flora in the thar desert does not need much rain to survive. The plants in this desert are mainly cactus and some fruit trees. When the people who live there grow crops they usually lose about 33% of it.

There are also many regular types of trees in the thar desert. these trees have flat bottoms. since they have flat bottoms the camels like to graze underneath them.

Thar desert Animals

In the Thar desert there are many different kinds of animals that are made to survive in the desert. Some of the animals in the Thar desert are snakes, camels, peacocks, wild cats, and tigers.

Animals in the Thar desert are built so that they can stay out in the heat for a long time and go for a while without water. These animals even live without green vegetation.

Did you know that you can stay almost anywhere in the Thar desert? From Hotels to sand dunes, Houses to tents and even outside. It is a beautiful place and You should come and visit! This is one of the richest deserts in the world, and one of the prettiest. You can do a lot of things. Including camel riding. It would be a lot of fun and very exciting.

Some Fun Things To Do

In the Thar desert you can do many fun and memorable things such as:

  • Camel riding
  • Driving tours
  • Watch and listen to Folk music and dancing
  • Visit many festivals

The Thar desert is a fun and interesting desert. With many fun things to do, many people to meet and experiences to have.

The Thar Desert is located in India and Pakistan. it is the 7th largest desert in the world! The Thar desert is west of the Aravalli mountain range in northwestern India.

Thar desert industry of:

  • coal
  • petroleum
  • oil
  • wind power
  • sodium chloride
  • wool


In the Thar desert coal is used for power and other utilities. There are coal deposits all over this desert. There are also coal power plants going up all around the desert.


there is a large amount of petroleum in the Thar desert. The main places that it “dwells” are: Baghewal, Kalrewal and Twawrwal.


Oil is a very useful material and that is one of the reasons why the thar desert is so rich! They found out that they had oil in 1988.


The Thar desert doesn’t have many trees so wind flows through the desert easily. This help any wind power sources to get what they need. Safe on the environment and useful for all those around.


In the thar desert there are many saltwater lakes, where they use salt water to produce sodium chloride. So the next time you use sodium chloride, think “did this come from the Thar desert?”

People In Thar Desert

Did you know that the Thar Desert is the most populated desert in the world? It has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer! So if you decide to go you won’t be alone!

The people in the Thar desert have a love for folk poetry and music. The main inhabitants in India are : Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. In Pakistan, inhabitants include Sindhis and Kolhis.

Did you know? facts?

  1. Covering of 60% of the Indian state of Rajasthan, the Thar Desert has become the largest wool-producing area in India with almost 40-50% of India’s total wool production coming from this area.
  2. Thar desert Also known as the Great Indian Desert, the Thar desert spreads over 77,000 square miles including Eastern Pakistan and parts of Northwestern India. A main portion (about 85%) of this desert is covered over the Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, and Gujarat.

    The rest lies in the Pakistani states of Sindh and Punjab. It is believed to be the seventeenth largest desert and the ninth biggest subtropical desert in the world.

  3. The Thar desert, having a community/people density of 83 people per square kilometer is the most densely populated desert in the world.
  4. Animal husbandry and farming are the primary professions of the people living in this desert area. The popularity of animal husbandry has improved since the extreme climatic conditions make farming difficult. Due to this, the animal population has also increased to a great extent, which in turn has caused overgrazing that further affects the climatic and drought situations of the region.
  5. Kharif crops are the chief source of agricultural production, bajra being the main crop. The other crops include corn, jowar, groundnuts, sesame, etc.
  6. The production of electricity from wind power is carried out in the Thar desert―it is considered to be an ideal place for the same.
  7. The annual precipitation of this arid region is in the set range of about 3.9 to 19.7 inches, mostly occurring in the months from July to September.
  8. he Thar desert is known for its diversified habitat and ecosystem, inhabiting wild species that are diminishing in most deserts of the world. The species include chinkara or Indian gazelle, the Great bustard, and the Indian wild ass, present in good numbers in this region.
  9. The Blackbuck species is also found in this region. Other species like snakes, caracal, lizards, etc., are also found here. Moreover, it is believed that this region inhabits 23 species of lizards and 25 species of snakes.
  10. This desert supports and provides shelter to 141 bird species which include falcons, eagles, buzzards, vultures, etc. One can even find the Indian Peafowl species in this region.
  11. The cattle population in the region include sheep, goats, camels, cows, buffaloes, etc.
  12. Camels are popular in this region, may it be in the case of Desert Safaris that attract tourists, or the major role they exhibit in the Desert Festival.
  13. Originating in the Pushkar Valley of the Aravalli Range, the only natural source of water in this region is believed to be the Luni River ending in the Rann of Kutch (Gujarat).