Does vocational training help young people find a (good) job?
Youth unemployment has increased in many industrialized countries following the recent global recession. However, this reflects not only the cyclical shock, but also the crucial role of institutions in structuring the transition from school to work. Vocational training, in particular in a dual form combining vocational schooling and structured learning on-the-job, is often considered to be one of the most important policy solutions in combating youth unemployment. The evidence available supports this perception, but the institutional requirements of a successful training system also have to be taken into account from a policy perspective.
Importance of vocational education
Vocational Education refers to a system or course of study which prepares individuals for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities. Vocational Training & Education is traditionally non-academic in nature and is totally related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation. Because it is Vocation based, it is called Vocational Education. Until recently i.e until the end of the twentieth century, the aim of vocational education was to focus on specific trades such as automobile mechanic or welder, and was therefore associated with the activities of lower social classes. Because of this it attracted a level of stigma.vacational Training & education in fact is closely related to the age-old apprenticeship system of learning.
But with the development of economies worldwide, the labour market became more specialized. Demand of higher levels of skill both in government and business sector started increasing. This lead to the further development of vocational Training & education through publicly funded training organizations and subsidized apprenticeship or traineeship initiatives for businesses. At the post-secondary level vocational education is typically provided by an institute of technology, or by a local community college. Vocational education has also diversified over the 20th century. Demand for Vocational Professionals is required more than ever in various industries such as retail, tourism, information technology, funeral services and cosmetics, as well as in the traditional crafts and cottage industries.
Vacational Training & education prepares an individual for a job and not college. While most colleges will accept vocational education students, they tend to be limited because most colleges lack proper courses. Vocational education is a multifaceted one as it tends to focus around several careers which include auto repair, woodworking, carpentry, blacksmith, cosmetology, and other fields. There are many vacational Training schools across the country which provide the students to gain valuable hands on experience.
India’s youth faces serious problems of unemployment and underemployment. The causes are legion and include dropping out of high school because of poor education, needing to support one’s family at an early age, a lack of information on the job market, and, most importantly, not possessing the basic skills required by employers today. Many youth engage in daily wage work unaware of the opportunities available to them.A successful dual vocational training system is not easy to implement on a large scale because it requires complex institutional and cultural foundations.To be sustainable and have a major impact, dual vocational training needs to be actively supported by a sufficient number of employers, trade unions, and policymakers, which takes time to develop.Vocational training is not a panacea or a quick fix to bring down high youth unemployment.What is vocational training?
How is Vacational Training & Education Beneficial ?
Vocational Education helps people in better performance of their jobs as they acquire a great learning experience. Working professionals get a chance to hone their skills while making money.Vocational education and training is a sort of introduction as it gets employees ready for the workplace which comes handy while performing various tasks.Due to the nature of the skills it imparts, a student doesn’t consider it a futility as compared to academic education.Vocational Education as the term itself denotes the students are specialised and therefore they have more chances of employment as compared to others.Many students who are in a dilemma whether they should attend college or not, Vocational Training & education really opens a completely new door.It makes an individual a responsible and independent whereas those who study regular courses lack in this sphere.Career of one’s own choice is one of the major benefits of this education. A vast majority of people are caught in the wrong jobs because they were in it for the sake of job, money, lack of alternative and professional compromise where as an individual pursuing Vocational Training & Education is already pursuing his dream job.This type of education is a great asset to the economy. Our government need not import foreign technicians on higher wages as our own can do the required work. Certain vocational skills acquired from Vocational Education teaches students the importance of manual work. The physical labour done under certain jobs makes them strong, healthy, active.Majority of Vocational Skills are applicable all over the world and these create employment opportunities in foreign countries.Technical programs develop the economy by bridging the demand and supply gap with highly skilled workers. It also gives students the opportunity to take marketable skills from the classroom directly into the working world.Better Vocational Education also also attracts foreign investment and foreign exchange in form of foreign conglomerate and foreign students. School drop-outs and adults can also receive this type of education as it provides opportunity to to learn a skill or trade. There are many well paid career fields in which a college degree is not required.Another benefit is that Hands-on work activities allow direct application of acquired .this education provides stable jobs as these are the jobs whose demand is never fulfilled.